Brush Management

Prescribed Burns

Range Enhancement

Erosion Control

Livestock Management


     Range Management


     Management of the range is the primary tool TWM uses for managing wildlife.

   Without proper food, water, or cover, wildlife species cannot survive. Whether you

   are managing for abundant quail populations, large white-tailed deer or a diversity 

   of native songbirds, range management is vital to the success of your goals.


 Livestock Management

     Livestock management means shifting livestock and grazing intensity to increase

   food and animal cover or to improve a specific animals' habitat.  Grazing 

   management focuses on: 

 1) the kind and class of livestock grazed, 

 2) stocking rates, 

 3) periodic rest for pastures by controlling grazing intensity, and/or 

 4) excluding livestock from sensitive areas to promote vegetation protection 

    and recovery or to eliminate competition for food and cover. 

     The development of a livestock grazing plan is specific to your needs as well as 

   what the habitat will allow.



     The installation of a perimeter game fence is a management tool that we feel 

   can sometimes assist you in meeting your goals faster and more efficiently.  At 

   times, this may be the only way to ensure that your goals will be met.  However, 

   we certainly encourage neighbors working together in wildlife cooperatives to 

   meet similar objectives.

     Appropriately designed cross-fencing can play an important role in grazing 

   rotation plans.  Fencing also can be used to improve or protect sensitive areas,

   woodlands, wetlands, riparian areas and spring sites.  TWM will help you 

   review your fencing practices and grazing plans to ensure they meet your overall

   wildlife management goals.


 Prescribed Burns

     We have found Prescribed Burning to be one of the most efficient and effective

   management tools in range management in the state of Texas.  We have seen few

   instances where prescribed burns, under the right conditions, does not greatly

   enhance the habitat.  Prescribed Burns can increase plant diversity, increase food

   supplies, act as a natural fertilizer, control unwanted vegetation, and invigorate 

   new growth.  Contact the Certified Burn Specialists at TWM to find out how 

   you can enhance your property through prescribed burning.


 Range Enhancement

     Our main focus of Range Enhancement primarily deals with establishing native

   plants.  In particular, we work with landowners to increase grasses and forbs  

   (weeds and wildflowers) on their property that provide food and cover for 

   wildlife or help control erosion.  Range enhancement also includes protecting,

   restoring and managing native prairies.  Our re-seeding mixtures are appropriate 

   for the ecological regions, soils, and wildlife needs of your property.  Our

   mixtures provide a diversity of vegetation on your property, which in turn, 

   provides abundant forage for wildlife and/or seed production the entire year. 


 Brush Management

     Brush management may involve maintaining,

establishing or selectively removing or suppressing

targeted woody plants species to encourage the growth 

of desirable trees, shrubs, grasses and forbs for forage 

and protective cover for selected wildlife species.  Brush

management also includes keeping the proper kind,

                                                 amount and distribution of woody cover for the particular

                                                 species you are interested in.

     TWM can develop a successful brush management plan

 that will examine wildlife cover requirements, soil types,

 potential erosion factors and will include plans to control

 reinvasion as part of the overall wildlife management



Brush piles can provide additional wildlife cover and

protection in habitats where inadequate natural cover

limits the growth of a selected wildlife species. 

Planned placement of brush piles and leaving dead

brush on the ground where it was cut can also protect

                                                          seedlings of desirable plant species.


    In addition, stacking posts or limbs in tepees can

 provide cover for small game and other wildlife in

 open areas.



 Erosion Control

     Erosion control can come in many forms.  Ponds, gully shaping, riparian 

   protection, reseeding areas, as well as typical erosion control structures can slow 

   or stop sedimentation from your land.  Other techniques such as brush management

   can also help with erosion control by removing trees and brush and replacing 

   them with vegetation that will slow water movement down (grasses).

       A Pond can be a permanent control structure developed to stop or control

   erosion while providing habitat diversity and benefiting wildlife. 

       Gully shaping involves reducing erosion rates on severely eroded areas by

   smoothing to acceptable grades and re-establishing vegetation. We re-seed these

   areas with plant species that provide food and/or cover for wildlife.

       Protecting Riparian areas such as streams, ponds, and wetlands allows native

   species to reduce erosion and sedimentation, stabilize the streambank, improve 

   plant diversity and improve the wildlife value of these sensitive areas.  Some of 

   these activities include: 

  1)building permanent or temporary fences to limit livestock grazing,

  2)using native hay to slow and spread water runoff in areas where vegetation,

   has been recently re-established,

  3)establishing plant buffer areas or vegetative filter strips along water courses,

  4)installing rip-rap or other barrier material along embankments to prevent erosion

   & protect wildlife habitat,

  5)establishing permanent low water crossings to prevent or reduce erosion.



Deer Management

Game Birds

Environmental Services

Wildlife Tax Exemption

Deer Breeder Permit

Aquatic Services

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